1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the G20 Extraordinary Summit on Afghanistan remotely.
● The meeting was called by Italy, who currently holds the G20 Presidency, and was chaired by Mario Draghi, the Italian Prime Minister.
● The humanitarian crisis, terrorism concerns, and human rights in Afghanistan were among the topics discussed at the summit.
● The Prime Minister praised the Italian G20 Presidency for convening the conference to assess the present state of affairs in Afghanistan.
2. Unity Small Finance Bank Ltd (USFBL), a joint venture between Centrum Financial Services Ltd (CFSL) and Resilient Innovations Private Limited (BharatPe), has been given a banking licence by the Reserve Bank of India to operate an SFB business in India.
● It is the first time that two partners have come together to form a bank on an equal footing.
● The proposed business model is based on collaboration and open architecture, with all stakeholders working together to provide a seamless digital experience.
3. India announced a $200 million credit line for Kyrgyzstan and agreed to carry out small but high-impact community development projects in the Central Asian country.
● S Jaishankar, India's external affairs minister, unveiled the two projects at the end of a two-day visit to Kyrgyzstan.
● External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar met with top Kyrgyz leaders for "productive" talks to strengthen bilateral ties, particularly defence cooperation, and to discuss global concerns such as Afghanistan.
4. Farmers have been protesting new farm laws for almost a year, therefore the Haryana government has banned its employees from participating in politics and elections.
● While implementing the Haryana Civil Services (Government Employees Conduct) Rules, 2016, a notification was also issued by the office of the chief secretary in this regard.
5. India has been invited to join the International Energy Agency (IEA) as a full-time member.
● This offer was extended in light of India's position as the world's third-largest energy consumer.
● If India accepts this suggestion, it will be required to expand its strategic oil reserves to 90 days.
● Hardeep Singh Puri, the Indian Oil Minister, met with Fatih Birol, the Executive Director of the International Energy Agency.
● During the meeting, the IEA executive director asked India to become a full member of the organisation in order to further their cooperation.
6. On October 12, 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered a video message to the 28th NHRC Foundation Day function in the presence of Union Home Minister Amit Shah and the NHRC chairperson.
● The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is a statutory public body established on October 12, 1993, under the Protection of Human Rights Act 1993, for the promotion and protection of marginalised people's human rights and dignity.
● The Prime Minister finished by highlighting future generations' human rights.
● He stressed that India is swiftly advancing in the direction of sustainable life and eco-friendly growth through initiatives such as the International Solar Alliance, renewable energy targets, and the Hydrogen Mission.
7. Alexander Schellenberg was elected as Austrian Chancellor after the resignation of Sebastian Kurz.
● Sebastian Kurz resigned because of his involvement in a corruption scandal.
● Apart from Alexander, Michael Linhardt joined in for the role of foreign minister.
● He was the former ambassador to France.
● The appointment of both persons helped in ending the crisis within the Austrian government, the Austrian People’s Party and Green Party Coalition.
8. The world's first automated and autonomous train was deployed by Deutsche Bahn and Siemens, a German industrial conglomerate.
● Hamburg is the first city to have a self-driving train.
● 'Siemens and Deutsche Bahn' are working on this project.
● It is being referred to as a "world-first."
● The project is part of a 60-million-euro upgrade of Hamburg's quick urban rail system.
● Without building a single kilometre of new track, these automated trains will provide a reliable service.
9. Former bureaucrat Amit Khare, who retired as higher education secretary last month, has been recruited as a two-year contract advisor to Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
● Mr Khare, a Jharkhand cadre IAS officer from the 1985 batch, retired on September 30.
● Khare's appointment as advisor to the prime minister in the Prime Minister's Office, in the rank and scale of secretary to the government of India, has been confirmed by the Cabinet Appointments Committee.
10. Arun Kumar Mishra has been appointed as chief executive officer (CEO) on deputation at Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of Public Sector Undertakings under the Ministry of Power.
● He will be in charge of EESL's operations around the country.
● EESL, an energy service company (ESCO), was one of the first to enter India's $74,000 crore energy efficiency industry, and is currently executing the world's largest household lighting programme.
11. Dr Randeep Guleria, distinguished pulmonologist and Director of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), received the 22nd Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence from Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu at Upa-Rashtrapati Nivas.
● He praised Dr. Guleria's commitment to duty and support for AIIMS' Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders.
● Dr. Guleria is well-known for his groundbreaking work in his profession, as well as being a very effective and dedicated hospital administrator.
12. Since 1989, the United Nations has conducted an annual International Day for Disaster Reduction on October 13th.
● The day is observed to promote a global culture of risk awareness and disaster reduction, as well as to recognise how individuals and communities around the world are lowering their vulnerability to catastrophes and increasing awareness about the necessity of limiting the risks they face.
● "International collaboration for developing nations to minimise catastrophe risk and disaster losses" is the subject of the 2021 International Day for Disaster Reduction.
13. Lima, Peru hosted the 2021 International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) Junior World Championship Rifle/Pistol/Shotgun.
● The Indian shooters set a new record by winning 43 medals and taking first place in the medal table.
● 17 Gold, 16 Silver, and 10 Bronze medals were awarded.
● With 21 medals, the United States came in second place on the medal table, with six gold, eight silver, and six bronze.
● Meanwhile, Manu Bhaker set a new record by being the first Indian shooter to win the most medals at the ISSF Junior World Championships in a single edition, with a total of five medals.
● There were four gold medals and one bronze.